EXPERT REPORT OF THOMAS J. SUGRUE


Gratz, et al. v. Bollinger, et al., No. 97-75321 (E.D. Mich.)
Grutter, et al. v. Bollinger, et al., No. 97-75928 (E.D. Mich.)

TABLE OF CONTENTS
I. STATEMENT OF QUALIFICATIONS
II.INFORMATION CONSIDERED IN FORMING OPINIONS
III.OTHER EXPERT TESTIMONY; COMPENSATION
IV.SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS
V.INTRODUCTION
VI.RACIAL PATTERNS IN THE UNITED STATES
VII.RACIAL PATTERNS IN MICHIGAN
VIII.SEPARATE WORLDS: RESIDENTIAL SEGREGATION AND RACIAL ISOLATION
IX.PRIMARY AND SECONDARY EDUCATION
The Roots of Racial Separation in Education
Consequences of Divided Education
X.DIVERSITY AND DIFFERENCE: RACE, ETHNICITY, AND OPPORTUNITY
XI.QUALITY OF LIFE: WEALTH AND HEALTH DIFFERENCES
XII.DIVISIONS IN ATTITUDES AND PUBLIC OPINION
XIII.CONCLUSION
XIV.NOTES TO TEXT
 
LIST OF TABLES
1.Percentage Ethnic and Racial Composition of the United States, 1900-1996
2.Michigan Population by Race/Ethnicity
3.Michigan Counties, Percentage Black, American Indian/Eskimo/Aleut, and Hispanic Population
4.The Most Segregated Metropolitan Areas in the United States, Black/White
5.Black/White Segregation in Detroit, 1940-1990
6.The Most Segregated Metropolitan Areas in the United States, Hispanic/White
7.Hispanic Percentage of Population and Hispanic/White Segregation Rates, Michigan Metropolitan Areas, 1990"
8.Percent of Blacks and Hispanics Enrolled in All Public Schools and Enrolled in the Schools of Typical White Students in Selected States, 1991-92
9.Number of Blacks and Percent of the Total Workforce Employed in Selected Michigan Professions, 1940-1990
10.College Attendance and Completion by Race in Michigan, Persons 25 Years and Older, 1960-1990
11.Percent of Families Below Poverty Level by Race and Ethnicity, United States, 1960-1995
12.Children in Poverty, United States, 1970-1995, by Race and Hispanic Origin
13.Black/White Ratio of Age-Adjusted Death Rates for the 15 Leading Causes of Death in the United States
 
Figure 1. Racial Composition of School Districts Attended by Blacks and Whites in Detroit Area, 1994-1995



"Compelling Need" Table of Contents


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